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What are the most common skin conditions and what causes them?

What are the most common skin conditions and what causes them?

Skin conditions are normal and natural for all of us. Sometimes, you can have more than one at the same time. While these can be uncomfortable, they are not untreatable. Many skin conditions can be managed with the right routine, good diet and clean beauty products like LILOU Radiant Hydra-Balm. 

Ready to go from distressed to dewy? Discover the five most common skin conditions and how to recognize them below.


The majority of people are concerned with skin aging because it inevitably happens to all of us. Fortunately, using a moisturizer rich in antioxidants, polyphenols and phytosterols like LILOU Radiant Hydra-Balm can help slow the signs and keep your skin glowing at every stage of your life. 

What causes skin to age?

Skin aging is a natural process that happens with the passage of time, your body’s processes and environmental factors like pollution, sunlight and smoking.

Common causes of skin aging:

  • Chronological aging occurs with the passage of time and the accumulated damage from the free radical byproducts of your body and its processes 
  • Environmental aging (photoaging), with the majority caused by the sun’s radiation and generally seen around exposed areas on the face, chest and hands
  • Subcutaneous muscles becoming weaker and repeatedly creasing to form wrinkles
  • Fat distribution in the face being shifted downwards by gravity
  • Bone loss with age, particularly around the eyes, forehead and jaw 

What are the signs of skin aging?

  • Fine lines and wrinkles
  • Dullness and lacking lustre 
  • Drooping or sagging 
  • Yellow or sallow coloring
  • Age and sun spots


Hydrated skin should feel supple, silky and full to the touch. When skin is flaky, tight and itchy, chances are it’s dehydrated. Three things to know about dehydration: it’s temporary, it can happen to anyone and occurs when your skin barrier is too weak to look and function its best.

What causes dehydration in the skin?

Dehydration usually happens when your skin’s barrier is weakened and the top layers can’t effectively prevent moisture from evaporating from the lower layers. This is known as increased transepidermal water loss (TEWL) and can happen to both oily and dry skin types.

Common causes of dehydrated skin: 

  • Cold and dry weather
  • Air conditioning 
  • Harsh cleansing
  • Over-exfoliation 
  • Sun exposure

Signs your skin is dehydrated

  • It’s flaky
  • It’s itchy
  • If it feels tight after washing, particularly when not followed by moisturizer
  • Applying moisturizer makes it feel noticeably smoother
  • Pinching a small section causes fine lines 


As we discussed in our first Journal entry Skintroduction, the top layer of the skin is known as the stratum corneum and it’s formed of dead cells that protect the lower layers from irritants and harm. This is what most of us think of as “skin” and when it is compromised, it can lead to the most obvious signs of sensitive skin (redness, rashes) though you may also have no visible signs.

What causes sensitive skin?

Sensitive skin usually occurs when its barrier is weakened and irritants and allergens can reach the lower living layers like the epidermis and dermis. As always, don’t forget to use a good moisturizer. Dry skin is more likely to be sensitive as oil is important for keeping up a resistant skin barrier.

What are signs of sensitive skin?

  • Skincare products and/or fragranced lotions and body washes cause breakouts (think: rashes, burns, itching, stinging or swelling up)
  • You go red easily
  • You experience skin discomfort when it’s hot, cold, dry or humid
  • You have had reactions to everyday products, from necklaces to new detergents and products
  • A dermatologist has diagnosed you with rosacea, atopic dermatitis, eczema or contact dermatitis


Pores are more scientifically referred to as sebaceous gland ducts, which alludes to what they do: carry sebum to your skin’s surface. When they get clogged, you get acne — usually around your face, neck, chest and back where they’re densest. Acne can come in many forms, though the two most common are the nearly invisible microcomedones (closed whiteheads under the skin) or visible, darker blackheads.

What causes acne?

Most people (around 80%) experience acne, especially during adolescence. Men tend to get it worse as teens, while women are more likely to experience breakouts later — particularly due to hormone fluctuations during the menstrual cycle. Acne is also influenced by genetics, medications, skincare products, diet, and stress.

A popular myth is that unclean skin causes acne. Gently cleansing may help lower sebum production and clogged pores, though too much (or using harsh, pH imbalanced cleansers)  is likely to cause inflammation, disrupt the balance of beneficial bacteria and make your skin produce more oil. Fortunately, using a product like LILOU Radiant Hydra-Balm, rich in sebum-regulating omega fatty acids like linoleic acid and alpha linoleic acid, can help treat and reduce acne.

Acne is caused by a combination of four factors: 

  • High sebum production
  • Clogged pores
  • Propionibacterium acnes bacteria 
  • Inflammation, including an inflammatory diet (sugar, diet, gluten) 

What are signs of acne?

  • Redness, from small bumps to full cysts 
  • Blackheads (dark spots)
  • Whiteheads (less visible)


Hyperpigmentation refers to patches of skin that have more pigment than usual. 

What causes hyperpigmentation?

Hyperpigmentation tends to affect people with darker skin more and has a genetic component. 

Other causes of hyperpigmentation include:

  • Sun damage
  • Aging
  • Inflammation, including acne and trauma scars
  • Hormonal changes from pregnancy and other underlying issues

What are the signs of hyperpigmentation?

  • Patches on the skin, usually pale brown to purple-black

Fortunately, there are cruelty-free, vegan ingredients like cucumber seed oil and cucumber seed extract that can act like a tyrosinase inhibitor and lighten age spots over time. It keeps you glowing thanks to its proteolytic enzymes, B1 and Vitamin C content. Cucumber seed oil also blooms with botanical phytosterols that are known to help skin be bright and lighter, even its tone and reduce sun spots.

Now that you know, are you ready to glow? Discover LILOU Radiant Hydra-Balm.